When the hunters are in the woods it is a great time to fish. The water temp is cooling and the water is typically getting clearer as algae dies off with the cooler temps and decreasing light. This makes the strike zone larger since they can see farther and gets the bass feeling like they need to feed.
July and August brings hot water to most of the country. You must adapt your tactics to keep catching bass. Before you can understand what to do in July and August you've got to take a look at where they were in June. June is typically the month the bass are apt to be the deepest with no thermocline forming yet. By the time July rolls around it has been hot for so long that a thermocline is likely to have formed in your lake. You want to make sure you fish above this level. For many lakes it could be as deep as 20 ft, but others, especially small lakes and ponds it could be as shallow as just 3 ft. Keep in mind you may be fishing to deep in the summer if you are not getting bites.
April and May is prime time to be on the water. Soft Plastic Lures are the lure category of choice in much of the country during this time while bass are heading shallow to spawn. While Florida and the extreme South near the Gulf coast may be completely done with the spawn, the majority of the country will be in a spawning cycle for a while. I like to look for protected water and a sandy or hard bottom during this period. Fish will be finishing up spawning, spawning, and getting ready to spawn in these areas.
October and November are transition months. Bass are on the move searching for good water quality and bait and fattening up for winter.